History of plastic surgery


We know from reliable sources that plastic-surgery-like operations were already made several thousands of years ago in Egypt and India. One of these nose-supplementation operations is still called "Indian lobe" today. In medieval Europe a lobe from the upper arm was used for nose skin replacement in operations conducted by famous surgeon families. From the end of the 19th century there have been sad events contributing to the development of plastic surgery.

Thank to the effects of the industrial revolution, the development of transportation and the war industry - not to mention the two world wars - there occurred more and more injuries. First, reconstructional surgery was born, however, all operations brought along aesthetic changes as well, therefore a parallel inseparable development of reconstructional and plastic surgery took course. After all this did aesthetic surgery find its own way and has become an individual profession by now. According to many people, today's interpretation of aesthetic surgery originates from 1962 when the first silicone implantation was made. Although it is true that by that time the base of most aesthetic operations had been laid, it was breast-augmentation operations that gave a huge impetus to, spread and made natural the previously mystified plastic surgery and set the profession on an ever developing track. The more and more wide-spread and safe narcotic anesthetic had an important role as well. The next leap in the number of operations was liposuction, which became popular in America in 1983 and which is still today the most often applied aesthetic operation worldwide. With the greater number of operations the techniques became more chiselled and safe and the results were better. Plastic surgery is today the most dynamically developing medical field since beauty and youth are an expanding business all around the world. Incomes are measured in millions of dollars, moreover, in billions! The expectations are very high - almost unrealistic sometimes- for the ideals are approaching a nearly perfect state due to the strong competition of cosmetic companies and, of course, the advertising industry. The latter applies the tricks of digital photography: e.g. a model's ugly scar of an appendicitis operation was simply removed from all swimming costume photos by digital technique.

It is a fact that when advertising line smoother creams they employ 13-14- year-old girls with strong, ageing make-up. The issue of cellulitis demonstrates very well how people's thinking has changed over the years.

20-30, 2-300, 2-3000 years ago women must have also had cellulitis, therefore I am certain that Merilyn Monroe and Rubens' models had it as well, though nobody cared about it. Today it is declared to be the disease of our age. They say it is caused by the deposition of lots of roughage and toxin, and send desperate women to chemists' to spend huge amounts of money on cosmetics. The truth is that cellulitis is connected to three factors: the deposition of excess weight as a result of over-nourishment, tiny anatomic differences between female and male interstitial tissues, and individual disposition to what part of the body will become padded with fat-tissue. In order to achieve better results doctors avail themselves of all useful means, and naturally the most modern technological wonders of medicine, such as: laser technique for epilation, face skin revitalisation, removing pigment spots and capillary vessels; fillers and Botox in line removals; growth hormone and other medicine for ageing deceleration and of course all assets of aesthetic surgery.